Mushrooms on La Palma: Rose Marie Dähncke and their achievements

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Mushrooms on La Palma: Researcher Rose Marie Dähncke – Mushrooms app and Mushroom Museum

The "gold-Rosi" of La Palma collects records

First rains freshened the Woods on La Palma at the end October 2016, and for the coming weekend, the Weathermen announce more rainfall: These are good conditions, Thus the mushrooms on the Isla Bonita can sprout again in this autumn and winter. People, they were on their way, report, that is the little guys Hat – yet – not show. But we look ever into the mushroom paradise La Palma, in which the researcher Rose Marie Dähncke plays a big role.


Rose Marie Dähncke: La Gran DAMA de las Setas. Photo: Sabina-Maria Dähncke

Hildegard Knef, Hans Rosendahl, Toni Curtis, Paul Newman, Jack Lemmon and Sammy Davis Jr. to be on a par with Rose Marie Dähncke. All have one thing in common: You are in 1925 born. However, there is a crucial difference between the celebrities from show business and the "Grand Dame of mushrooms": Rose Marie Dähncke alive – at their Finca ‘ Los Castañeros’ to the East of La Palma.

Apparently it is very healthy, a life long to trudge through the forest and to look for mushrooms. Rose Marie Dähncke began already in young years, where she initially felt on the sheltered little guys with the grandmother in Upper Silesia and later with her mother in the Märkische Heide. "The love of mushrooms was inherited me well", she laughs today looking back at her life in the character of Mycology. "I'm obsessed and wants to do anything else."

Finca La Castaña: Here thrive 188 Fungal species, right in the image of the sulphur Ovinus. Photo: Rose Marie Dähncke

Finca La Castaña: Here thrive 188 Fungal species, right in the image of the sulphur Ovinus. Photo: Rose Marie Dähncke

So Rose Marie Dähncke even in old age puts his hands in his lap. On the contrary. Despite arthritis in the knee, she observed that 188 Fungal species on their Finca in San Isidro and wanders through the 35 She explored habitats of la Palmas, Although not as much as before. "During the peak season from mid-November to mid-December I was every day on the road, because if the mushrooms come here, all come at once", She looks at her more than 30 Island years back. "If the mushrooms are only good to determine, When they come out, also you have to catch them for documentation in young and older copies."

Far more than mushrooms: 1.300 Discovered types on La Palma. Photo: Daehncke

1.300 Types of Rose Marie Dähncke has proven with their tireless efforts on La Palma. 35 Species are worldwide first descriptions, what you in the Canaries the title "La Gran DAMA de Setas las" - the Grand Lady of fungi - has entered. Cope, because it is not done with the discover of the creatures mentioned Latin "Fungi".

Popular with collectors: Pifferlinge! Photo: Daehncke

Rose Marie Dähncke explains, How does the scientific preparation: "I scan the mushrooms, Save the images in the computer, print out Flashcards with the description of all features on the fresh mushroom smell, Taste, Discoloration and much more, mikroskopiere, dry, label and sign the mushrooms." Often the collaboration with international experts of the genus is needed to determine the precise. Reason: Include some mushroom families 150 Members, and more.

Writing passion: some of the more than 20 Books by Rose Marie Dähncke.

This hard work has included Rose Marie Dähncke in their 1998 Book "1,200 mushrooms in color" together. The two and a half-pound Tome was sold already 110.000mal, Mycologist considered standard and is still commercially available. The author traces sales high for a mushroom book to the broad diversification of the target group: "It is both curious advanced", for people, you decide want and also for scientists, no time to the mushroom picking who."

The success is explained also by the quality of photos. Already with 20 Years during their "apprenticeship" in Lübeck for the Mycologist Dr. Paul Pawlenka and upper secondary school teacher Walter Schwedesky began with the camera to document Rose Marie Dähncke - in color, and in the year 1945! Thus she has pioneered and created the basis for their books published in the 1970s in Germany. As first scientist, she published mushroom pictures, their accuracy that sent up to date standard representation in watercolor technique on the siding.


Gold for Rose Marie Dähnckes “Mushroom collector's Cookbook” 1976. Photo: Daehncke

Gold for "mushroom collector's Cookbook"

The "mushroom compass" developed during her time as head of the "Black Forest mushroom avenues" in Hornberg, a further standard titled "700 fungi in colour" and that excellent with a gold medal of the gastronomic Academy "mushroom collector's Cookbook".

"That was the first mushroom cookbook ever, and because the award of the Publisher called me then his gold-Rosi reminiscent of the skier Rosi Mittermaier with her gold medal in the Olympics in the same year", smirks at the memory of the 1970s Rose Marie Dähncke, in which the Federal Republic still far away of today's flood of kitchens exercise books in terms of gourmet dahinvegitierte.

“My island Cookbook”: Tips for baking bread. Photo: La Palma 24

As they 1979 with her daughter Sabina Maria emigrated to La Palma, wrote Rose Marie Dähncke "My island Cookbook". A work, It was not just about mushrooms: "On the island you could not buy a back then as it is today, There were not even butter or mustard", come to speak the Mykologin on her penchant for good food. "So I've been experimenting with the few existing, a file created, and the best dishes made a cookbook." Especially the bread baking recipes contained in it and instructions for making German sausage had done to the former German emigrants of La Palma. One of them is the former Puerto Naos Baker Hella, She used the work of until today: "This book is a treasure!“


Gold-Rosi raises nationwide mushroom boom

Rose Marie Dähncke with renowned international mycologists. Photo: Sabina-Maria Dähncke

Was highly appreciated and is also the knowledge of Rose Marie Dähncke for learners in terms of Mycology. More than 500 Mushroom consultants has trained them in their happy time and thus laid the foundations for a Germany-wide mushroom boom. She tried also on La Palma, to bring the Seta pathogen among the people. 1998 published as a book and CD-ROM "The mushrooms on La Palma" in Spanish german, She has also given courses for employees of Island Government and mayoralties.

Toadstool on La Palma. Photo: Daehncke

In addition, she founded the "Sociedad Micológica La Palma" and was appointed Honorary President. The dedicated expert is somewhat disappointed by the response: "The members of the Club go into the forest to celebrations and grilling, than to look for mushrooms for study purposes", told with a complacent smile. "Many Palm Eros still have fear of mushrooms, buying them the bred Setas in the supermarket rather. This, as Rose Marie Dähncke, be to concisely the poisonous mushrooms of la Palmas as the fly agaric or the Phanterpilz, to confuse them with the edible mushrooms.

Researcher and photographer: Her life's work is now shown in the Casa Roja in Mazo. Photo: Sabina-Maria Dähncke


International recognition

Also the Mycologist societies from Tenerife and Gran Canaria are very interested about Rose Marie Dähnckes. The "Sociedad Tenerife" has elevated the savvy expert even to an honorary member and dedicated to her a complete issue of the club magazine "La Turma": "No one else is known us, that shows so much feeling and heart for fungi like Rose Marie Dähncke – she has written many pages of Canary Mycology history".


Where and when to grow mushrooms on La Palma?

As Chanterelles and porcini mushrooms come actually to La Palma? "The trade winds from Northern Europe across blew that", know the Rose Marie Dähncke. "The amazing thing is, that originally on deciduous trees bound mushrooms have turned to La Palma and with chestnuts or Zystuspflanzen grow here."

Robust: Mycele withstand even forest fires. Photo: Daehncke

Not even forest fires, where La Palma also this summer again was haunted by, can have something the savory Minikins. "The heat of the fire spreads out just a few inches down", the expert reports. "Mind the spawn." Even the increasing trafficking of tourists and residents not sees them as a threat to the existence of: "It's good, When you cut the mushrooms and ugly, If you destroyed them. But even then they come back."

When they do, was the question however always. Rose Marie Dähncke knows their idiosyncratic p: "Do mushrooms, what they want. Every year is different, one can never predict that, and there is always something new".

Named after the “Great Lady of fungi”: Lyophyllum rosae mariae. Photo: Daehncke

Therefore, it could be quite, that on La Palma in the future even more up to date unknown fungi detected. Three of the 35 World firsts, been scientifically demonstrated the Rose Marie Dähncke, Incidentally, bear their name: Entoloma rosemarie, Leucoagaricus rosemarie and Lyophyllum rosae mariae. An honor, that is the "Grand Lady of fungi" well deserved has.


Mushroom Museum in Mazo and mushrooms app

Casa Roja-Museum in Mazo: Fungus friends find the collection of Rose Marie Dähncke now.

Casa Roja-Museum in Mazo: Fungus friends find the collection of Rose Marie Dähncke now.

The offer by Rose Marie Dähncke, your complete data collection, as well as the entire mushroom material for a museum to make available, was established in November 2015 implemented in practice: At the Casa Roja Museum in Mazo is interested now Centro de Micología Open.


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